Murano and the Venice Lagoon
Murano is an island in the Venetian Lagoon, located north-east of Venice, and was one of the major centers founded in the year 453, when they fled from invasions of the Murano’s reputation as a center for glassmaking was born when the Venetian Republic, fearing fire and the destruction of the city’s mostly wooden buildings, ordered glassmakers to move their furnaces to Murano in 1291.
In 1291, all the glassmakers in Venice were forced to move to Murano due to the risk of fires.In the following century, exports began, and the island became famous, initially for glass beads and mirrors.
Aventurine glass was invented on the island, and for a while Murano was the main producer of glass in Europe.
The island later became known for chandeliers. Although decline set in during the eighteenth century, glassmaking is still the island’s main industry.